Maersk Supply Service has signed on to support The Ocean Cleanup, the Dutch non-profit that is developing technology to clean the ocean of plastic waste. For their role in the project, Maersk Supply Service will provide its AHTS, Maersk Launcher, to deploy and support the first cleanup system, known as Cleanup System 001, in the […]
Straws made from sugar, wheat, bamboo and pasta are vying to replace the now-reviled plastic ones. But are any up to the task?
China has cracked down on what waste they import for recycling. They want better quality waste, less contamination. American waste companies are howling. But if it leads us to recycle our own waste here in the US, China will have done us a favor in the long term.
A lot of our paper and plastic waste is shipped to China for recycling. I can’t help but feel that this is wrong. We should be recycling our own trash. If we have to recycle our own plastic and paper waste, we will develop new techniques and new products. If we let China do it we will never innovate. This is part of selfdogfooding.
It seems to me there are several categories of plastics that we use so I thought I would list them.
- Single use “fast food” plastics: Styrofoam clam shells, cups, wrappers, utensils, straws, bags. This would also include plastic grocery bags.
- Processed grocery packaging. Frozen foods in plastic bags and containers. Plastic film, meat trays, Bottles. Includes garbage bags.
- Plastics in clothing. Particularly “microfiber”.
- Plastic durable goods: multi use products like toys, furniture, electronics casings, garbage cans made of plastic.
- Plastics in construction materials: carpets, siding, insulation, etc.
Single use Plastics/Fast food plastics: This is the low hanging fruit. This is also the stuff that often is turned to litter and makes it’s way into waterways and eventually lakes and oceans. We can force change on this rather quickly. There are alternatives: waxed paper instead of plastic film, paper bags instead of plastic, reusable grocery bags instead of the thin plastic kind. Plastic utensils might be the hardest to replace but the rest can go fairly quickly if we give clear guidance now so the paper industry can gear up. We should encourage use of produce other than wood pulp in our paper making: bamboo, sugar cane fiber, industrial hemp if they work.
Processed grocery packaging: I recommend leaving this for last. A lot of this packaging has greatly helped with food safety and food sanitation as well as storage. Some of this gets recycled, bottles in particular. A lot goes into landfills where, deprived of light and oxygen, at least it is theoretically stable and not entering streams. Plastic garbage bags hold all this stuff together until it gets to the landfill so they serve a purpose here. Companies talk about plastic garbage bags that photo-degrade, but that just means they eventually break down to fine plastic particles which gets into the water system – including our drinking water.
Plastics in clothing and cloth: Microfiber is the worse culprit here. You might use microfiber cleaning rags and wash them for reuse thinking this is saving trees because you are not using paper towels, but every time you wash those microfiber rags, small plastic particles break off and go into the sewer system. They are too small to get filtered out and they don’t break down. So wildlife ingests them and so do we in our drinking water and all those chemicals work their way into us. It would be great if we started phasing out some of the plastic fibers in clothing and stuck to natural materials as much as possible for as long as possible. Wool, cotton, linen, hemp, silk and other natural fibers have been used for thousands of years by humans and we should go back to them.
Plastics in durable goods: I’m not a fan. All these are out-gassing a chemical soup that we breath in. But they do have the advantage of lasting years and getting many uses. Some gets recycled, a lot goes into landfills. Eliminating this stuff will be hard although many of these products were made of steel back in the 1950’s – 1960’s and we could go back to that. Eliminating these plastics is a much lower priority that the three categories above.
Plastic building materials: Again, a lot of this stuff, carpets, padding, upholstery, even boats gives off chemical gasses just by sitting there. Same with exterior products. But the trade off of exterior products is less painting which saves lots of money, energy and most important air pollution. These would be the last plastics I would try to eliminate.
I’m old enough to remember, as a kid, paper straws before plastic became the norm. I have to tell you, I do not miss those old paper straws.
Oh they were okay for normal liquids like soda pop and water, but when you had a nice thick milk shake, malt or root beer float the darn straw would collapse on you in mid draw, collapsing a lung and making your face turn purple. They just were not durable or liquid proof enough to make it through an entire shake without failing.
I remember very distinctly when restaurants and fast food joints started giving out newfangled plastic straws and the glowing wonder on our faces when we could suck up an ultra thick malt, even with hunks of banana or strawberry in it and not have our cheeks turned inside out by Sudden Straw Collapse Syndrome. There was much cavorting about better living with plastics.
Little did we know we were creating a creeping doom.
I’ve looked into some alternatives for plastic straws:
Glass: maybe in the home, I’m skeptical they will work with kids.
Stainless Steel: cool. Washable good at home, I don’t think I would trust a stainless straw washed at a typical restaurant. I’ve looked at various collapsible types you are supposed to carry with you. That is a non-starter. I got too much stuff to carry on me now, I’m not adding a wet drippy straw that I have to take home and clean and remember to carry again.
Bamboo stalks: for one use, maybe. I’m dubious on this.
If we go back to paper, I suggest upping the game and make them out of waxed card stock or cardboard so they don’t collapse. We must not use paper that has a thin plastic film on it, that defeats the whole purpose.
Paper has it’s own environmental problems, but if done right it will be less bad than plastic straws. And paper does not have to come from trees, you can make paper out of bamboo and industrial hemp, both renewable resources. Both might be new crops for American farmers looking to diversify.
Whatever we use, we need to get rid of the plastic straws as quickly as possible.
The same holds true for the disposable plastic cups, glasses, swizzle sticks, and those plastic grocery bags too. Styrofoam has to go. Plastic utensils might take longer but I’m sure we can figure out something.
Most of this isn’t that hard, there was a time before plastics, we just have to look back at what used to work and bring that up to date. If the Federal government won’t lead, this is something the States can do. Let’s start experimenting and get rolling.